What is Dengue Fever & How to Avoid it

Monday, August 29, 2011

What is Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever is caused by flavivirus which is transfered to Humans by a bite from infected mosquito named Aedes egypti. This mosquito typically bites during day time.

Symptoms

Fever, Malaise, Headache, Skin rash, Petechiae are the most common symptoms. In severe cases, the patient may have bleeding from nose, skin, ear leading to shock.

Diagnosis 

Diagnosis is made by detecting the presence of antibodies against the virus in patient's blood.

Treatment

So far, there is no treatment directed specific against the virus & it is mainly supportive, consisting of analgesics & fluids. Blood Transfusions become necessary in case of decreasing platelet counts/haemorrhages. Papaya juice is proven to be very effective in improving the platelet count.

Prevention

It is of utmost importance because it is the only way to control the disease & complications. It consists of,
using mosquito repellents,
using bed nets,
proper netting of the windows,
draining any standing water esp, in old tires, junk, & if this is not possible then, pouring kerosene oil on it.

Simply, just avoid the mosquitoes.